[one_full last=”yes” spacing=”yes” center_content=”no” hide_on_mobile=”no” background_color=”” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” background_position=”left top” hover_type=”none” link=”” border_position=”all” border_size=”0px” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” padding=”” margin_top=”” margin_bottom=”” animation_type=”0″ animation_direction=”down” animation_speed=”0.1″ animation_offset=”” class=”posts” id=””][fusion_text]CLINICAL FEATURES
- Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is a common recurrent itchy skin condition that is common in children but can also affect adults
- Can also be called “skin asthma”
- Caused by a defect in skin causing increased dryness of the skin and sensitivity.
- It may improve as one advances in age but there are cases when it is lifelong and therefore proper guidance and management by a qualified Dermatologist is paramount.
WHAT CAUSES ATOPIC DERMATITIS?
- The exact cause is not known, but medical researchers have found that:
- It is usually hereditary
- Patients with AD usually have relatives with Bronchial Asthma, Hay fever, or AD
- It is not caused by infection
- Foods do not cause AD, but food allergies can make it worse.
Flaring or attacks may be triggered by:
- Dry and low humidity
- Heat and perspiration
- Dust and smoke
- Chemicals like detergents, soaps, and perfumes
No lab test is needed to identify atopic dermatitis. The doctor will likely make a diagnosis by examining skin and reviewing your medical history.
WHAT TREATMENTS ARE USED?
Many treatments can help control eczema. Treatments may include:
Moisturizer or Emollient:
These products help to decrease dryness and scaling, so the skin feels more comfortable. Applying one of these after bathing and frequently throughout the day can help. Harsh soaps should be avoided. Your dermatologist can recommend products to use or avoid.
Applied to the skin, this medicine helps to calm the skin and relieve itching. However, since there can be side effects from using too much medicine or using it too often, it is best to see what your dermatologist recommends. Some patients need a prescription-strength corticosteroid.
This medicine may be prescribed when eczema causes itching. Constant itching can cause many sleepless nights. Sedating antihistamines can help patients get the sleep they need.
This therapy consists of soaking and sealing the itchy skin with warm, damp, clothing. This can help the skin absorb medication and keep the skin hydrated. Your dermatologist can help you create a wet wrap routine best for your skin.
This prescription medicine is applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and other symptoms
If your child develops an infection, an antibiotic, either taken by mouth or applied to the skin, can kill bacteria causing the infection
This is light therapy and may be added to a treatment plan when stronger treatment is needed
Systemic Immunimodulatory Agents
When a patient has not responded to other treatments, dermatologists may consider other medicines. These medicines are very strong and your dermatologist will explain the risks and benefits
- Avoid possible triggers
- Use mild fragrance free cleansers
- Bathe in warm, not hot water
- Avoid long bath time or prolonged exposure to water
- Apply moisturizers regularly, at least 2x a day
- Keep fingernails short
- For washing clothes, use detergents made for sensitive skin and avoid scented fabric softeners
- Wash new clothes before wearing
- See your Dermatologist to guide you in the proper management of AD especially if it is problematic.